Login or Register to make a submission.

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Please read the information for authors for other concerns about the journal, copyright/ownership and scope. The foregoing are author guidelines regarding the article that you are going to submit. It will also help to look into the published articles for reference on how your paper will look like when published.


Article Mechanics:


Paper Format. - Please send us your file in an A4 paper size, with 1 inch margin on all sides. Make sure that pictures/figures are of high quality and is/are owned by the researcher(s), permission and/or citation should be observed on secondary data must be observed. The paper must not exceed 5000-6000 words contained in not more than 13 pages, single space using font 12 Times New Roman fonts style. All article should all contain the following sections;


Title - preferably short and not more than 15 words in English. It must attract the reader and provide hint what to expect in the paper. No abbreviation in the title.


Authors/Affiliation/e-mail address - Write the author(s) name (First Name, Middle Initial, Last Name) separated by comma. The first name listed is the main author of the paper. Affiliation of the authors are written below the authors’ name(s). In case of multiple authors with different affiliations, a reference note on the name and the listed affiliation be made available. The e-mail address of the corresponding author only shall be made available below the affiliation. Write also the reference note on the name and the e-mail. Authors are encouraged to have their ORCID numbers.


Abstract - The abstract shall contain between 100-300 words. Preferably it shall have one to two sentence of introduction. One sentence stating the objectives or just the main objective. The methods and results can be written simultaneously or maybe written separately. Lastly, the conclusion/implication (or the take-home message) shall end the paper. No abbreviation and no citation in the abstract.


Keywords - These are words or group of words that describes the paper. Do not use words appearing in the title and in the abstract. This is to increase chances of your paper being searched.


Introduction - Must present strong justification why the study was conducted. The rationale must be answered in the concluding part of the paper. Presentation must start with the broad problem base towards a more specific end just before the objective is presented.


Objectives - Start writing the main objective and followed by the specific objectives. Review your objectives as it might be appropriately presented in the methodology rather than in this section (i.e. profile of respondents).


Methodology - The methods shall be written with subsections. Depending on the paper, it might contain the research design, samples and sampling procedures, research instruments, statistical tools used and others which the author may feel needed in replicating the paper.


Results and Discussions - Presentation of results must always be preceded by at least one sentence of introduction. After every result is presented, a follow-up discussion shall follow. Avoid repetition of what is already in the table or figure, instead discuss critically the implication of the information. There might be a need to look for literature to back-up your analysis. Make sure that the table or figure is adjacent to the discussion, preferably the discussion is made after the data presentation is made.


Conclusion and Recommendations – Conclusion is different from the results. Do not repeat what is in the result section. This section should summarize the key points of your research, the take-home message. These shall directly respond to the reasons of the conduct of the study, which is to fill a gap in the body of knowledge. A recommendation may follow if necessary.


Literature Cited – All cited literature must be written in this section using APA format. Preferably all articles cited are on-line refereed publications. On case-to-case basis, the use of gray literature (non-refereed, newspapers, magazines, etc.) may be permitted after exhaustive review of literature have been conducted. Complete links of the articles and information such as DOI must be written accurately.