Comprehensive Land Use Planning Capacity of Local Government Units in Samar Philippines
Like in other countries land use planning is imperative because of the scarcity of land. Land use planning aims to find a balance among competing and sometimes contradictory uses. In the Philippines, all local government units (LGUs) from the province, city and municipality are mandated to formulate its Comprehensive Land Use Plans (CLUPs). This paper assesses the capacity of the planning team of the LGUs in the CLUP preparation. It takes the case of the Province of Samar, one of the hardest hit provinces during Super Typhoon Yolanda “Haiyan". Its methodology includes primary data gathering through interview using a structured questionnaire among the planning teams of one provincial, two cities and 21 municipalities out of 27 LGUs in the preparation of comprehensive land use plan. It is supported by secondary data from the Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board, and the Provincial Land Use Committee. The study result showed that capacity building is desperately needed by CLUP planners as LGUs are unable to craft this required document. CLUP planners are not equipped to deal with the issues of CLUP formulation, not just in terms of know-how but also in terms of staffing, equipment, and database. Almost the entire system needed to support CLUP planning teams in the LGUs is inadequate. It is recommended that the government provide a packaged technical assistance on the whole cycle of CLUP preparation with corresponding funding to fully capacitate the cities and municipalities.