Developing and Applying Technological Pedagogical and Content Knowledge (TPACK) for a Blended Learning Environment: A Rural Higher Education Experience in the Philippines
This study presents the development and application of Technological Pedagogical and Content Knowledge (TPACK) for blended learning environment (BLE) to a university located in rural area of the Philippines with limited technological resources for online learning. Each elements of TPACK model was used as a guide in the development of teaching plan for blended learning environment. A randomized pretest and posttest quasi-experimental research design was used in this experiment to determine the significant difference on the posttest sores of the experimental and control group in terms of their achievement test in Computer Fundamentals. Participants of the study consisted 90 freshmen Bachelor of Science in Information Technology students, 45 students each comprising the experimental and control group. An item-analyzed multiple-choice achievement test floated before and after the experiment. Result revealed successful integration of technology in a technology-deprived university using TPACK model for BLE. In terms of student learning, results revealed that both the experimental and control group slightly increased their mean score using the blended learning approach and traditional teaching inside the classroom which concludes that there is no significant difference between the experimental and control group after the TPACK experiment as compared to the control group exposed to the traditional approach of teaching, hence it is recommended to continuously focus on PCK to further improve the TPACK model for BLE for school in rural areas.