Causes of Population Growth in the Poorest Communities in Samar, Philippines
It remained a quest to identify the causes of population growth. The 21st century is the era of globalization and exposure to social media which is believed to be one of the influential factors that contribute to population growth. However, there are poor areas in the Philippines which are not oriented with technology and media yet pose an increasing number of the populace. This study examined the causes and consequences of population growth in the poorest communities of the Province of Samar, Philippines. This research applied an extreme case purposive sampling since it focuses on participants who have more than five children. With the use of qualitative and quantitative approaches in a form of cross-case analysis and descriptive design utilizing a guided questionnaire as sole instrument, the study found out that causes of population growth in the said research environment are early marriage, lack of education, and bad family planning which disproved that technology is part of the problem. Along with the causes are consequences such as poverty, scarce services from the government and educational opportunities. With the salient findings, it is recommended that the local government units should strengthen family planning, address problems to the authorities, and provide equal livelihood opportunities to the residence as means of alleviating poverty. Moreover, the academe should conduct values reformation to lessen the incidence of teenage pregnancy and early marriage. It should also seek linkages to support the schooling of out-of-school members of the communities.