Understanding Poverty in the Perspective of Adolescents and Elderly Folks from Marginalized Communities in Samar, Philippines
Poverty is a phenomenon that is brought by several factors which are further aggravated by social conditioning, behavior, and practices of these marginalized folks. A grounded theory qualitative research approach was utilized to distill information relative to understanding poverty among the adolescents and elderly participants using focus group discussions as data triangulation method. Results showed that adolescents had high hopes and aspirations to escape poverty given the proper education. Yet, their actions did not complement towards the attainment of such goal. The elderly, on the other hand, believed that young people when taken the right action could escape poverty, but admitted they had failed in their efforts when they were young due to wrong actions and habits. Moreover, their contradicting practices of poverty alleviation had a direct influence on the young ones, thus, might exacerbate this dire situation. Irene's understanding poverty theory is generated explaining the understanding of persistent poverty in Samar. It is a composite of several constructs such as conditioning, the low education, the felt helplessness and habits which were imbedded in the subculture of Samar people. A recommendation to adopt more mainstream behaviors, eradicate bad habits while policies should also be designed to move these marginalized communities towards an economic reform mindset is necessary.